European Hornet in Tennessee
The European Hornet are some of the largest hornets we have here in Tennessee. They can reach a total length of 1 ½” long, are brown and have black and yellow stripes on their bodies. As they are quite alarming due to their huge size, you should avoid them as they can deliver a very powerful sting. They are native to Europe, thus the name. However sometime in the 1800’s they were introduced to the United States as this country was being settled and had new visitors bringing them here.
The European Hornet is considered a Nashville, Tennessee Pest Control issue if they choose to enter or make your home, their home. Primarily the European Hornet choose to live in wooded areas, making nests from tree trunks or hollow trees. However in our overbuilt cities, so many insects look for openings to homes which can provide them the same safe harbor to live, breed and raise young. The nest is usually a paper nest that the Hornet workers build by chewing up natural material found in the area, then gluing it all together with their saliva. This construction is not only a uniform comb type design, but also the material it is made from protects it from water and wind by being so well built. The hard work of the worker European Hornets is to protect the hive, and most importantly the queen. Most nests will contain up to 500 workers and will attack aggressively if they are threatened.
The whole life process begins in Spring, when the Queen emerges and looks for a good place to build a nest. She begins by chewing up material and gluing it together, just like the workers, however at this time she is alone and building her own nest to begin laying eggs. Once these first eggs hatch, they will begin the first group of sterile workers that have one sole purpose – to continue building the nest, raising the next generation and protecting the queen. In late Summer, female Hornets with the ability to reproduce will be born in order to be fertilized. Male Hornets will also be hatched at this time to continue the reproductive process of producing new queens that overwinter and emerge the next Spring to begin this whole life cycle over again, in a new nest.
European Hornets have a variety of diet; however they tend to be predators hunting Flies, Bees, Wasps, Yellow Jackets and Grasshoppers. They also have a sweet tooth, looking for and feeding of fruit producing trees. But most of the time you will find them peacefully living around their colony and nest. They are often feared because of their size, and they can deliver quite the sting, but generally it is compared to a powerful Bee sting. That being the case, there has been cases of stings sending people to the hospital with headaches and heart conditions, so respect the nest and stay far way to avoid any adverse affects from a European Hornet sting.
If you notice any Wasps, Bees or Hornets entering and exiting your home, there is no doubt a nest. So, make sure to call a professional to deal with these stinging pests. We at Certified Pest Control Nashville are happy to assist you with a free pest prevention plan. Our Local family business is here to give you the honest and effective service you deserve.